Version 1.0.6 (New experiments, minor updates)

Again, this is not yet the big update announced a while ago. But there have been so many minor fixes, improvements and new ideas, that it’s time to publish another minor update. The sum turns out to be an update which is not so small after all, so let’s have a look at a few highlights…

New experiment: Inelastic collision

This amazing experiment has been suggested to me by Mirko Zeppmeisel, a physics teacher from Munich. It is based on the acoustic stopwatch and analyses the sound from a bouncing ball. From the timing of these collisions the experiment derives the initial height, the maximum height between the bounces and the ratio of energy preserved on each collision.

Timer experiments

Also suggested by Mirko Zeppmeisel, some more stopwatches have been added based on different sensor inputs. Besides the acoustic stopwatch already in phyphox, we now have a motion stopwatch (based on the accelerometer), an optical stopwatch (based on the light sensor) and a proximity stopwatch. Oh, by the way, the latter one uses the proximity sensor, which is also supported since this version.

Raw sensor experiments

The basic sensor experiments don’t have a rate limit any more and work at the maximum rate supported by your device. The downside might be, that these experiments hence have become more device specific and the amount of data might be heavy on slow phones, but many have asked for this and it might be worth a try. Also, these experiments now give the absolute value of the 3D data as well.

Resonance and string length

The oscillator experiments “spring” and “pendulum” have a new tab, which plots the amplitude vs. frequency. This way you can directly measure the resonance of a driven oscillator (there will be a video on this soon). Also, the pendulum experiment has yet another new page, which allows you to determine the length of the string of the pendulum. So, instead of calculating g for a given string, you can assume g = 9.81 m/s² and calculate the length.

Elevator with acceleration

The elevator experiment now shows the acceleration from the accelerometer along with the height and velocity from the barometer.

Full Changelog

The full changelog for those who want to know every little detail…

Changes for both Android and iOS

  • New experiment: Inelastic collision.
  • New timer experiments: Motion stopwatch, proximity stopwatch and optical stopwatch. The existing acoustic stopwatch has been moved to this section.
  • Support for the proximity sensor.
  • Raw sensor experiments now also give the absolute value of 3D data.
  • The info button at the top now opens a small menu with links to our FAQ, help and experiment collection.
  • Added resonance page to the experiments “spring” and “pendulum”.
  • The “pendulum” experiment now has a page, which allows estimating the length of the string.
  • Added a third view to the “sonar”, plotting the correlation against the raw time axis.
  • Performance improvements for “sonar” and “acoustic stopwatch” for slower devices.
  • The “elevator” experiment now also shows the acceleration using the accelerometer.
  • The remote interface starts in a new “narrow” layout, similar to a phone screen. You can still switch to the old full-screen layouts via the menu of the remote interface.
  • The rate limit for the raw data experiments has been removed, so they acquire data at the maximum rate allowed by your device.
  • Fix: Graph scaling not applied on remote interface.

Changes for Android

  • We now read the recording from the mic in smaller chunks to improve the timing of the analysis cycle.
  • Default margins removed from all view elements as these are now controlled by the new separator view module. (See file format changes below.)
  • Name the sensor which is not available when trying to open an experiment.
  • Fix: Crashes when experiments use string icons with less than three character.
  • Fix: Rare crash when showing hint tooltip.
  • Fix: Do not show save-locally dialog if the experiment was not loaded successfully. Trying to save in such cases led to a crash.
  • Fix: The optimization for the analysis assumes it can skip empty buffers as there is no data to be processed, resulting in problems, when a buffer is empty because it has been cleared intentionally. Instead we now keep track if a buffer has been touched.
  • Fix: When averaging, the first sensor value is returned immediately without averaging.
  • Fix: The edit box in the experiment “Magnetic ruler” resets to the default value.
  • Fix: Repeatable inputs were not mapped correctly if they were not used in the first period of repeatable inputs. This affected the rangefilter in a way, that it would not behave correctly if the second input should be filtered, but not the first one.

Changes for iOS

  • Audio recordings are buffered internally and only exposed to the analysis buffers just before an analysis cycle starts. This way, it is guaranteed, that the buffer will not be changed during the analysis process and you do not need to create a local copy. This makes it consistent with the behavior of the Android version.
  • Display a hyphen instead of “NaN”.
  • Added a default text when sharing a screenshot. This hopefully prevents some third-party apps from inserting the image file path as default text.
  • Fix: Range filter does not work correctly in cases in which the first value of the second input is filtered.
  • Fix: Remote access stops working after leaving the app and returning to the existing session.

File format update to version 1.4

  • New absolute output for all sensors, so you do not have to calculate it yourself in your analysis.
  • New separator view element. This allows to add margins or lines to group your views.
  • New analysis module: subrange. This simply returns the values within an index range. Much faster than using the rangefilter for this task.
  • The analysis modules “if” and “append” as well as the view “button” now allow a new input type. Besides “value” and “buffer”, you may now set them to “empty”, practically being a constant buffer of length zero.
  • Slightly change behavior for “if” module: If the output is flagged to be cleared before writing, this is only done if the condition for an input has been met. This means, that the output is not cleared if there was no input for a certain case and you can conditionally clear an output by assigning an input of type “empty” to a case.

Experiment database and worksheets

The listing of our experiments has changed. When you click the experiments link above, you will find a database of experiments, which you can filter by information and media available for each experiment.

As additional news, we now also feature worksheets for school. Unfortunately, so far these are only in German. If you have developed a worksheet yourself (in any language), we are happy to include it into our database. The only requirement is, that you apply a Creative Commons licence which allows to distribute the worksheet this way and note this on the worksheet. Just send any material to us via email.

Collective measurement of pendulum frequencies

As part of an optional assignment, we asked our students to create a pendulum, measure its frequency with phyphox and submit the results via a web form. I just picked up the data and got thrilled as the result is amazing:

I just had to clean out some obvious cases in which students did not use the correct units (no, they did not build a 69m pendulum).

They did not even know anything about the math of oscillations. Instead, I will introduce this topic in tomorrow’s lecture and will then use their own data to verify the result for the frequency of a pendulum:
$latex f = \frac{\omega}{2\pi} = \frac{1}{2\pi}\sqrt{\frac{g}{l}}&bg=404040&fg=ffffff&s=3$

Honey separator

One of our users, Christian, wondered about the centripetal (or centrifugal, depending on your reference system) force in his honey separator. He basically has got a centrifuge for his honeycombs which extracts the honey using this force, but unlike our experiment using a salad spinner, he was unable to measure the acceleration directly because it exceeds the range of the sensors in his smartphone. So, instead he attached his phone to the crank of the centrifuge and created his own phyphox experiment, which uses the gyroscope to determine the rotation speed of the crank. From this, his experiment then derives the speed of the centrifuge itself and all the forces involved, taking into account the transmission of the crank as well as the radius at which the honeycombs are placed within the centrifuge. If you are interested in this, here is a link to directly open his exeriment in phyphox and a link to download his phyphox file defining the experiment.

Thanks to Christian for sharing this unusual application with us.